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Last updated in July, 2011

 

 
The International Centre for Environmental Research (ICFER)  is concerned with pollution prevention and energy efficiency, indoor and outdoor air quality, industrial air pollution, pollution from vehicles and engines, stratospheric ozone depletion, climate change and protection.

 

In 2009 ICFER was involved by Entec/GTZ in the project- Renewable Energies in Central Asia Regional Report on Potentials and Marktes

See-  Country Chapter:Republic of Georgia

Copyright © 2009 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH

 

Current situation in Georgia

 

Energy Sector:

 

Primary energy consumption

 

In the second half of 1980-es, consumption of primary energy resources per capita in Georgia was about 2.1-2.3 tons of oil equivalent, which totals a current average indicator for the European countries, located in comparable climatic zones and geographic environments. Since the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1999 and the demise of traditional centralized energy supply system, the energy consumption in Georgia has sharply dropped and at present it is almost 3 times lower than the world average indicator.

Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion BTU)

Source: US Energy Information Administration  Sources: EIA, International Energy Annual, Short Term Energy Outlook

Electricity sector

Based on a comparative analysis conducted by the authors of this paper, it was established that the total primary supply of energy resources (TPES) will significantly increase in Georgia by 2020 and will come very close to the average indicator of Turkey, Romania and other south-east European countries of similar climatic and geographic conditions (Spain, Portugal, Italy, Slovenia, Greece, Bulgaria), which, on the other hand, comprises 60 percent of the average indicator for 30 European countries. read more

Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)

Source: US Energy Information Administration  Sources: EIA, International Energy Annual, Short Term Energy Outlook

Now only 10-12 percent of an economic hydro potential has been utilized. The study also identifies prospects and economic expedience for the rehabilitation of existing hydro power plants and the construction of new capacity. read more

The Electricity Generated and Imported in January-February 2009

Air Pollution by Wastes As a result of human activities, the concentration of methane in the atmosphere has doubled since the industrial revolution. Georgia as well as other countries of the world should recognize that no long-term climate protection program can succeed unless we also control CO2 emissions, actions we take today to reduce methane emissions can have a substantial impact on the rate and level of future climate change.

Many human activities in the republic, ranging from power plants to cars to homes, add green house gases (GHG) to the atmosphere and address climate change  with accompanied impact. 
The waste is a major source of methane, which is 21 times more potent per molecule  then carbon dioxide in trapping heat in the atmosphere. read more
Air Pollution from wastes

 

 

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